Implementation of a Blood Management Program at a Tertiary Care Hospital: Effect on Transfusion Practices and Clinical Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Surgery.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


Patient blood management (PBM) programs represent a perioperative bundle of care that aim to reduce or eliminate unnecessary transfusions.


To evaluate the impact of a PBM program on transfusion practices and clinical outcomes at a single surgical department at a tertiary care hospital in the United States.


This pre-post, cross-sectional study was performed using data from 17,114 patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery between 2010 and 2013. Multivariable regression analysis was used to evaluate the impact of implementing a PBM program on transfusion practices and perioperative clinical outcomes.


Implementation of the PBM program was associated with a reduction in the proportion of patients receiving packed red blood cell (PRBC) using a liberal trigger hemoglobin concentration (pre-PBM vs post-PBM: trigger ≥8.0 g/dL: 20.2% vs 15.3%, P < 0.001), as well as an increase in the proportion of patients receiving PRBC using a restrictive trigger hemoglobin concentration (trigger <7.0 g/dL: 37.1% vs 46.4%, P < 0.001). The proportion of patients overtransfused to a target hemoglobin concentration of 9.0 g/dL (54.8% vs 43.9%, P < 0.001) or 10.0 g/dL (22.3% vs 15.8%, P < 0.001) also decreased following implementation of the PBM program. On multivariable analysis, implementation of the PBM program was associated with 23% lower odds of receiving PRBC transfusion (odds ratio = 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.657-0.896, P = 0.001); hospital length-of-stay, postoperative morbidity, and postoperative mortality were unchanged (all P > 0.05).


Implementation of a PBM program was associated with fewer patients receiving PRBC transfusion using a liberal trigger hemoglobin concentration and fewer patients being "overtransfused," without any detectable change in length-of-stay, morbidity or mortality. PBM programs can be safely implemented across hospitals and should be used to improve quality and reduce unnecessary transfusions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gani, F; Cerullo, M; Ejaz, A; Gupta, PB; Demario, VM; Johnston, FM; Frank, SM; Pawlik, TM

Published Date

  • June 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 269 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1073 - 1079

PubMed ID

  • 31082904

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-1140

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-4932

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/sla.0000000000002585


  • eng