Galois Action on the Homology of Fermat Curves

Conference Paper

In his paper titled “Torsion points on Fermat Jacobians, roots of circular units and relative singular homology,” Anderson determines the homology of the degree n Fermat curve as a Galois module for the action of the absolute Galois group (Forumala presented). In particular, when n is an odd prime p, he shows that the action of (Forumala presented). on a more powerful relative homology group factors through the Galois group of the splitting field of the polynomial (Forumala presented). If p satisfies Vandiver’s conjecture, we give a proof that the Galois group G of this splitting field over (Forumala presented). is an elementary abelian p-group of rank (Forumala presented). Using an explicit basis for G, we completely compute the relative homology, the homology, and the homology of an open subset of the degree 3 Fermat curve as Galois modules. We then compute several Galois cohomology groups which arise in connection with obstructions to rational points. In Anderson (Duke Math J 54(2):501 – 561, 1987), the author determines the homology of the degree n Fermat curve as a Galois module for the action of the absolute Galois group (Forumala presented). In particular, when n is an odd prime p, he shows that the action of (Forumala presented). on a more powerful relative homology group factors through the Galois group of the splitting field of the polynomial (Forumala presented). If p satisfies Vandiver’s conjecture, we give a proof that the Galois group G of this splitting field over (Forumala presented). is an elementary abelian p-group of rank (Forumala presented). Using an explicit basis for G, we completely compute the relative homology, the homology, and the homology of an open subset of the degree 3 Fermat curve as Galois modules. We then compute several Galois cohomology groups which arise in connection with obstructions to rational points.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Davis, R; Pries, R; Stojanoska, V; Wickelgren, K

Published Date

  • January 1, 2016

Volume / Issue

  • 3 /

Start / End Page

  • 57 - 86

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2364-5741

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2364-5733

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-3-319-30976-7_3

Citation Source

  • Scopus