Quarkonium in-medium transport equation derived from first principles

Published

Journal Article

© 2019 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. We use the open quantum system formalism to study the dynamical in-medium evolution of quarkonium. The system of quarkonium is described by potential nonrelativistic QCD while the environment is a weakly coupled quark-gluon plasma in local thermal equilibrium below the melting temperature of the quarkonium. Under the Markovian approximation, it is shown that the Lindblad equation leads to a Boltzmann transport equation if a Wigner transform is applied to the system density matrix. Our derivation illuminates how the microscopic time reversibility of QCD is consistent with the time-irreversible in-medium evolution of quarkonium states. Static screening, dissociation, and recombination of quarkonium are treated in the same theoretical framework. In addition, quarkonium annihilation is included in a similar way, although the effect is negligible for the phenomenology of the current heavy ion collision experiments. The methods used here can be extended to study quarkonium dynamical evolution inside a strongly coupled QGP, a hot medium out of equilibrium, or cold nuclear matter, which is important to studying quarkonium production in heavy ion, proton-ion, and electron-ion collisions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yao, X; Mehen, T

Published Date

  • May 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 99 / 9

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2470-0029

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2470-0010

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.096028

Citation Source

  • Scopus