A Comparison of Peer Influence Estimates from SIENA Stochastic Actor–based Models and from Conventional Regression Approaches

Published

Journal Article

© The Author(s) 2019. The current study compares estimates of peer influence from an analytic approach that explicitly address network processes with those from traditional approaches that do not. Using longitudinal network data from the PROmoting School–community–university Partnerships to Enhance Resilience peers project, we obtain estimates of social influence on multiple outcomes from both conventional linear modeling approaches and the stochastic actor–based modeling approach of the simulation investigation for empirical network analysis (SIENA) software. Our findings indicate that peer influence estimates from SIENA are not more conservative relative to other methods, that each method is subject to omitted variable bias from stable individual differences, and that imprecision among each method could lead to erroneous conclusions in samples that lack sufficient power. Together, these results underscore the difficulty in obtaining estimates of peer influence from observational data, and they give no indication that results from conventional methods tend to be biased toward overestimating peer influence, relative to SIENA.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ragan, DT; Osgood, DW; Ramirez, NG; Moody, J; Gest, SD

Published Date

  • January 1, 2019

Published In

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-8294

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0049-1241

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0049124119852369

Citation Source

  • Scopus