Social Support, Self-Efficacy, and Helplessness Following Myocardial Infarctions.
Numerous factors impact patient recovery following an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Negative emotional outcomes, such as learned helplessness, are predictors of mortality following AMI, though little is known about these relationships. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between social support and self-efficacy with learned helplessness in individuals post-AMI. Using a descriptive cross-sectional design, subjects with a diagnosed AMI within 12 months were recruited. Standardized instruments were used to evaluate social support and self-efficacy and their impact on learned helplessness. A statistically significant, direct relationship was found between social support and self-efficacy, and learned helplessness, suggesting that individuals with better social support and self-efficacy experience less learned helplessness within the first year following an AMI. In developing post-AMI treatment plans, health care staff need to consider encouraging a patient's supportive social network and self-efficacy as meaningful interventions against negative emotional outcomes.
Smallheer, BA; Dietrich, MS
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