Outcomes of Lymph Node Dissection for Non-metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Propensity Score-Weighted Analysis of the National Cancer Database.
BACKGROUND: Although the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines recommend use of lymph node dissection (LND) in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) > 2 cm, there is limited evidence to support the association between use of LND and overall survival (OS). METHODS: Patients with resected pNETs were identified in the National Cancer Database (2004-2014). The inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method was used to reduce the selection bias. IPTW-adjusted Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare OS of patients in different treatment groups. RESULTS: A total of 2664 patients diagnosed met the study entry criteria. Of these, 2132 patients (80.6%) received LND, with a median of nine nodes removed. Positive nodes were identified in 28.0% of patients who underwent LND. IPTW-adjusted Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that median OS was similar between the LND and LND-omitted groups (152.8 vs. 147.3 months; p = 0.61). In IPTW-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, LND was not associated with an OS benefit (hazard ratio [HR] 1.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.94-1.42; p = 0.18). The results were consistent across subgroups stratified by clinical T and N stages. Among patients with lymph node metastasis, the number of removed nodes (NRN) above the median was not associated with an improved OS (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.60-1.13; p = 0.22). CONCLUSIONS: LND had no additional therapeutic benefit among patients undergoing resection for pNETs. The present findings should be considered when managing patients with resectable pNETs.
Mao, R; Zhao, H; Li, K; Luo, S; Turner, M; Cai, J-Q; Blazer, D
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)