Electrocardiogram Characteristics and Their Association With Psychotropic Drugs Among Patients With Schizophrenia.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics and their association with psychotropic drugs in schizophrenia. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we included Danish primary care patients with first-time digital ECGs from 2001 to 2015. Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia before ECG recording were matched 1:5 on age, sex, and ECG recording year to controls without psychiatric disease. Multivariable logistic regression was used to compute odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: We included 4486 patients with schizophrenia matched with 22 430 controls (median age, 47 years; male, 55%). Between groups, the prevalence of abnormal ECGs was similar (54%, P = .536), but patients with schizophrenia demonstrated higher median heart rate (79 vs 69 beats per minute, P < .001) and Fridericia-corrected QT (QTc) interval (416 vs 412 ms, P < .001) than controls. QTc prolongation was also more prevalent among patients with schizophrenia (3.4% vs 1.1%, P < .001), and so were pathological Q waves (5.3% vs 3.9%, P < .001). Patients with schizophrenia less frequently demonstrated left ventricular hypertrophy (6.1% vs 9.6%, P < .001) and atrial fibrillation or flutter (0.7% vs 1.4%, P < .001). Among patients with schizophrenia only, particularly antipsychotics were associated with abnormal ECGs (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.04-1.39). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with schizophrenia demonstrate a different cardiovascular risk profile than matched controls without psychiatric disease, with higher prevalence of elevated heart rate, QTc prolongation, and pathological Q waves, and lower prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy and atrial fibrillation or flutter. Particularly antipsychotics were associated with abnormal ECGs. This underscores an integrated care approach when ECG abnormalities are detected in this group.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Polcwiartek, C; Kragholm, K; Hansen, SM; Atwater, BD; Friedman, DJ; Barcella, CA; Graff, C; Nielsen, JB; Pietersen, A; Nielsen, J; Søgaard, P; Torp-Pedersen, C; Jensen, SE

Published Date

  • February 26, 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 46 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 354 - 362

PubMed ID

  • 31219596

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7442389

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1745-1701

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/schbul/sbz064

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States