Cardiac Events Within the 30-Day Postoperative Period Is Associated With Increased 1-Year Mortality Among Deceased-Donor Liver Transplant Recipients.
OBJECTIVES: Each year in the United States, approximately 40000 patients with a liver disorder will progress to end-stage liver disease and about 30000 of those patients will subsequently die from this condition. Liver transplant remains the definitive treatment option for end-stage liver disease, and understanding the causes of posttransplant mortality is an ongoing area of investigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplant between January 2012 and January 2015 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital Liver Transplant Program were reviewed by a single reviewer for cardiac events in the 30 days after transplant or during the index admission. RESULTS: Of the 145 patients included, 30 (20.6%) were identified as having experienced a cardiac event during the defined postoperative period. Overall 1-year mortality for the cohort of 145 patients was 11.7%; however, 1-year mortality in those who had a cardiac event was 36.7% compared with 5.2% in the noncardiac event group (odds ratio = 18.17; P < .001). Although there was a statistically significant difference in age between the groups (58.6 vs 52.3 years old), once accounted for in multivariate analysis, a posttransplant cardiac event was still a statistically significant variable in 1-year mortality (odds ratio = 89.16; 95% confidence interval, 2.71-2933.95; P = .012). Similarly, hepatocellular carcinoma, sex, age, and presence of diabetes had little effect on 1-year mortality when we compared those patients who experienced a cardiac event in the first 30 days versus those who did not (odds ratio = 100.82; 95% confidence interval, 2.15-4726.12; P = .019). CONCLUSIONS: Recipients who experience cardiac events within 30 days after transplant have increased 1-year posttransplant mortality. This highlights the importance of cardiac risk stratification before transplant.
James, TW; Shay, JES; Furfaro, D; Ozseker, B; Russell, SD; Pustavoitau, A; Rizkalla, N; Saberi, B; Philosophe, B; Cameron, AM; Gurakar, A
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