Nivolumab (N) plus ipilimumab (I) as first-line (1L) treatment for advanced (adv) NSCLC: 2-yr OS and long-term outcomes from CheckMate 012.
9093 Background: The fully human anti–PD-1 antibody N offers long-term OS benefit in patients (pts) with previously treated adv NSCLC. Adding I (anti–CTLA-4 antibody) to N has been shown to improve clinical activity vs either agent alone in multiple tumor types. We present long-term data for 1L N+I treatment of pts with adv NSCLC from CheckMate 012. Methods: In two cohorts in this phase 1 study, pts with recurrent stage IIIb/IV, chemotherapy-naive NSCLC and ECOG PS 0–1 received N 3 mg/kg Q2W combined with I 1 mg/kg Q12W (n=38) or Q6W (n=39) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or consent withdrawal. The primary endpoint was safety and tolerability. Secondary endpoints included investigator-assessed ORR (RECIST v1.1) and PFS. Exploratory endpoints included OS and efficacy by tumor PD-L1 expression. Results: In the N+I Q12W and N+I Q6W cohorts, respectively, 42% and 31% of pts experienced grade 3–4 treatment-related (TR) AEs; 18% in each cohort discontinued due to any-grade TRAEs. The most frequently reported any-grade TRAEs were pruritus (26%) and diarrhea (21%) with N+I Q12W, and fatigue (26%) and diarrhea (23%) with N+I Q6W. There were no TR deaths. N+I showed promising efficacy (table). While efficacy was enhanced with increasing PD-L1 expression, activity was noted in pts with <1% PD-L1 (table). Of 6 complete responses (CRs), 3 were in pts with <1% PD-L1. Conclusions: 1L therapy with N+I demonstrates a manageable safety profile and promising, durable efficacy (including pathological CRs) in adv NSCLC; efficacy was enhanced in pts with ≥1% PD-L1 tumor expression. Longer follow-up data, including 2-yr OS and characteristics of long-term survivors, will be presented. Clinical trial information: NCT01454102. [Table: see text]
Goldman, JW; Antonia, SJ; Gettinger, SN; Borghaei, H; Brahmer, JR; Ready, NE; Gerber, DE; Chow, LQ; Juergens, RA; Shepherd, FA; Laurie, SA; Geese, WJ; Li, A; Li, X; Hellmann, MD
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