Understanding Contextual Differences in Residential LTC Provision for Cross-National Research: Identifying Internationally Relevant CDEs.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Long-term care (LTC) reflects a growing emphasis on person-centered care (PCC), with services oriented around individuals' needs and preferences. Addressing contextual and cultural differences across countries offers important insight into factors that facilitate or hinder application of PCC practices within and across countries. This article takes an international lens to consider country-specific contexts of LTC, describing preliminary steps to develop common data elements that capture contextual differences across LTC settings globally. Through an iterative series of online, telephone, and in-person sessions, we engaged in in-depth discussions with 11 colleague experts in residential LTC and coauthors from six countries (China and Hong Kong, England, Sweden, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States). Our discussions yielded rich narrative describing a vast range in types of LTC settings, leading to our development of a working definition of residential LTC. Scope of services, funding, ownership, and regulations varied greatly across countries and across different residential LTC settings within countries. Moving forward, we recommend expanding our activities to countries that reflect different stages of residential LTC development. Our goal is to contribute to a larger initiative underway by the WE-THRIVE consortium to establish a global research measurement infrastructure that advances PCC internationally.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Siegel, EO; Backman, A; Cai, Y; Goodman, C; Ocho, ON; Wei, S; Wu, B; Xu, H

Published Date

  • January 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 /

Start / End Page

  • 2333721419840591 -

PubMed ID

  • 31276015

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31276015

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2333-7214

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/2333721419840591


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States