Prevention of perioperative and anesthesia-related complications in facial cosmetic surgery.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Although office-based anesthesia for facial cosmetic surgery remains remarkably safe, no anesthesia or sedation performed outside the operating room should be considered minor. Proper organization, preparation, and patient selection, close collaboration with the surgeon, and expert and effective anesthesia care will increase patient safety and improve perioperative outcomes and patient satisfaction. This article presents a comprehensive overview of anesthesia in terms of facial plastic surgery procedures, beginning with a broad review of essentials and pitfalls of anesthesia, followed by details of specific anesthetic agents, their administration, mechanism of action, and complications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nekhendzy, V; Ramaiah, VK

Published Date

  • November 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 559 - 577

PubMed ID

  • 24200375

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-1926

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.fsc.2013.07.011


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States