The State of Medical Student Teaching of Interventional Radiology: Implications for the Future.
INTRODUCTION: The formation of integrated interventional radiology (IR) residency programs has changed the training paradigm. This change mandates the need to provide adequate exposure to allow students to explore IR as a career option and to allow programs to sufficiently evaluate students. This study aims to highlight the availability of medical student education in IR and proposes a basic framework for clinical rotations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME) website was utilized to generate a list of accredited medical schools in the United States. School websites and course listings were searched for availability of IR and diagnostic radiology rotations. The curricula of several well-established IR rotations were examined to identify and categorize course content. RESULTS: In all, 140 LCME-accredited medical schools had course information available. Of those schools, 70.5% offered an IR rotation; 84.6% were only available to senior medical students and only 2% were offered for preclinical students; and 8.1% of courses were listed as subinternships. Well-established IR clerkships included a variety of clinical settings, including preprocedure evaluation, experience performing procedures, postprocedure management, and discharge planning. CONCLUSION: Medical student exposure to IR is crucial to the success of integrated IR residency programs. Current research shows few institutions with formal IR subinternship rotations. Although 70.5% of institutions have some form of nonstandardized IR course, 84.6% are available only to fourth-year students, and 2% are offered to preclinical students. This suggests there is a significant opportunity for additional formal exposure to IR through increasing availability of IR rotations and exposure during the clinical and preclinical years.
Goldman, DT; Magnowski, A; Rochon, PJ; Bream, PR; Kondo, KL; Peters, G; Martin, JG; Fischman, AM
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