An integrative review on screening for frailty in acute care: Accuracy, barriers to implementation and adoption strategies.
Frailty is a multifactorial clinical syndrome associated with increased vulnerability to negative health-related outcomes including disease and disability. Many frailty screening tools are established for use in community settings with few for acute care. An integrative review methodology by Whittemore and Knafl, was adopted to summarise the reliability and validity of different frailty screening tools, barriers to implementation and adoption strategies in acute care settings. Thirteen relevant papers met the inclusion criteria. Validity and reliability of 14 screening tools were reported in 10 studies, whereas barriers identified in implementing frailty screening and potential adoption strategies were reported in 5 studies. Accuracy of screening tools require further improvement before use in hospitalized elderly. Strategies including the improvement of hospital guidelines and practices, promoting early involvement of stakeholders, and choosing a reliable and quick to administer screening tool can be implemented to help improve and facilitate early frailty screening in acute care.
Lim, SH; Ang, SY; Abu Bakar Aloweni, FB; Østbye, T
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