Evidence for synergistic effects of PRNP and ATP7B mutations in severe neuropsychiatric deterioration.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND:Wilson's disease (WD), a rare cause of neuropsychiatric deterioration, is associated with mutations in the ATP7B gene. Prion diseases are also rare causes of neuropsychiatric deterioration that can occur sporadically without an identifiable cause, or can be attributed to mutations in the PRNP gene. CASE PRESENTATION:Here we describe a biological "experiment of nature" in which a patient presented with severe neuropsychiatric decline and strong biochemical evidence of WD. Genetic analysis revealed that he was a compound heterozygote for two ATP7B sequence variants (c.2165dupT, p.Arg723Glufs*32; and c.4039G > A, p.Gly1347Ser), the first having been reported once previously, and the second being novel. In addition, the patient was heterozygous for a PRNP variant, c.160G > A, p.Gly54Ser, that has been reported in a neuropsychiatric patient only once previously in association with a similarly severe clinical course of neuropsychiatric disease and early age of onset, but no accompanying information on ATP7B genotype. Of particular interest was the observation that the patient's older sister, who carried the same ATP7B genotype and laboratory evidence for biochemical WD but was clinically asymptomatic, lacked the PRNP variant allele. CONCLUSIONS:We propose that synergism may occur between at least some allelic variants of ATP7B and PRNP, possibly exerted through effects on cellular copper metabolism.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Forbes, N; Goodwin, S; Woodward, K; Morgan, DG; Brady, L; Coulthart, MB; Tarnopolsky, MA

Published Date

  • February 20, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 /

Start / End Page

  • 22 -

PubMed ID

  • 24555712

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24555712

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-2350

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1471-2350

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/1471-2350-15-22

Language

  • eng