Robust Clustering with Subpopulation-specific Deviations.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
The National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) is a case-control study of birth defects conducted across 10 U.S. states. Researchers are interested in characterizing the etiologic role of maternal diet, collected using a food frequency questionnaire. Because diet is multi-dimensional, dimension reduction methods such as cluster analysis are often used to summarize dietary patterns. In a large, heterogeneous population, traditional clustering methods, such as latent class analysis, used to estimate dietary patterns can produce a large number of clusters due to a variety of factors, including study size and regional diversity. These factors result in a loss of interpretability of patterns that may differ due to minor consumption changes. Based on adaptation of the local partition process, we propose a new method, Robust Profile Clustering, to handle these data complexities. Here, participants may be clustered at two levels: (1) globally, where women are assigned to an overall population-level cluster via an overfitted finite mixture model, and (2) locally, where regional variations in diet are accommodated via a beta-Bernoulli process dependent on subpopulation differences. We use our method to analyze the NBDPS data, deriving pre-pregnancy dietary patterns for women in the NBDPS while accounting for regional variability.
- Stephenson, BJK; Herring, AH; Olshan, A
- January 2020
Volume / Issue
- 115 / 530
Start / End Page
- 521 - 537
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)