Pharmacokinetic Analysis of a Novel Human EGFRvIII:CD3 Bispecific Antibody in Plasma and Whole Blood Using a High-Resolution Targeted Mass Spectrometry Approach.

Published

Journal Article

Bispecific single chain antibody fragments (bi-scFv) represent an emerging class of biotherapeutics. We recently developed a fully human bi-scFv (EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv) with the goal of redirecting CD3-expressing T cells to recognize and destroy malignant, EGFRvIII-expressing glioma. In mice, we showed that EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv effectively treats orthotopic patient-derived malignant glioma and syngeneic glioblastoma. Here, we developed a targeted assay for pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis of EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv, a necessary step in the drug development process. Using microflow liquid chromatography coupled to a high resolution parallel reaction monitoring mass spectrometry, and data analysis in Skyline, we developed a bottom-up proteomic assay for quantification of EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv in both plasma and whole blood. Importantly, a protein calibrator, along with stable isotope-labeled EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv protein, were used for absolute quantification. A PK analysis in a CD3 humanized mouse revealed that EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv in plasma and whole blood has an initial half-life of ∼8 min and a terminal half-life of ∼2.5 h. Our results establish a sensitive, high-throughput assay for direct quantification of EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv without the need for immunoaffinity enrichment. Moreover, these pharmacokinetic parameters will guide drug optimization and dosing regimens in future IND-enabling and phase I studies of EGFRvIII:CD3 bi-scFv.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Schaller, TH; Foster, MW; Thompson, JW; Spasojevic, I; Normantaite, D; Moseley, MA; Sanchez-Perez, L; Sampson, JH

Published Date

  • August 2, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 3032 - 3041

PubMed ID

  • 31267741

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31267741

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-3907

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acs.jproteome.9b00145

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States