ERK-dependent proteasome degradation of Txnip regulates thioredoxin oxidoreductase activity.
Dynamic control of thioredoxin (Trx) oxidoreductase activity is essential for balancing the need of cells to rapidly respond to oxidative/nitrosative stress and to temporally regulate thiol-based redox signaling. We have previously shown that cytokine stimulation of the respiratory epithelium induces a precipitous decline in cell S-nitrosothiol, which depends upon enhanced Trx activity and proteasome-mediated degradation of Txnip (thioredoxin-interacting protein). We now show that tumor necrosis factor-α-induced Txnip degradation in A549 respiratory epithelial cells is regulated by the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and that ERK inhibition augments both intracellular reactive oxygen species and S-nitrosothiol. ERK-dependent Txnip ubiquitination and proteasome degradation depended upon phosphorylation of a PXTP motif threonine (Thr349) located within the C-terminal α-arrestin domain and proximal to a previously characterized E3 ubiquitin ligase-binding site. Collectively, these findings demonstrate the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway to be integrally involved in regulating Trx oxidoreductase activity and that the regulation of Txnip lifetime via ERK-dependent phosphorylation is an important mediator of this effect.
Kelleher, ZT; Wang, C; Forrester, MT; Foster, MW; Marshall, HE
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