Cultivation and characterization of cells derived from mouse skin papillomas induced by an initiation-promotion protocol.


Journal Article

Methods to culture cells from papillomas induced by an initiation-promotion protocol in SENCAR mice were developed, and the resultant cell lines have been characterized. Using Eagle's medium with 0.05 mM Ca2+ conditioned by dermal fibroblasts and supplemented with 1 ng/ml epidermal growth factor (EGF) in culture dishes coated with collagen and fibronectin, six cell lines (PA, PB, PC, PD, PE and PF) were established from separate pools of papillomas. When tested for tumorigenicity in nude mice by injection of a cell suspension or implantation of cells growing on a plastic liner, two of the lines (PC and PF) produced no tumors at any passage. In contrast, cells of the lines PA and PE produced highly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas from the earliest passage tested. The results with PB and PD were variable on tumorigenicity testing with some passages positive and others negative. When tested for responsiveness to Ca2+ (greater than 0.1 mM) as a differentiation stimulus, all lines responded. In the higher Ca2+ medium there was a 50-95% decrease in colony-forming efficiency, a slight decrease in [3H]thymidine incorporation (except for PA) and an increase in the number of cornified cells (except for early passage PF). Epidermal transglutaminase activity, a marker for terminal differentiation, was increased in the presence of medium with Ca2+ greater than 0.1 mM. However, unlike normal cells, only a fraction of the cells from each of the papilloma-derived cell lines terminally differentiated in response to Ca2+ while the remaining cells continued to proliferate, although at a slower rate. Responsiveness to phorbol ester tumor promoters was also examined in papilloma cell lines. 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) treatment increased colony forming efficiency, DNA synthesis and colony size in all lines in medium with either 0.05 mM Ca2+ or 1.2 mM Ca2+. TPA treatment also increased ornithine decarboxylase activity in all lines, even at the higher Ca2+ concentration, although normal keratinocytes respond only when grown in medium with low Ca2+. TPA treatment caused only a slight increase in the number of cornified cells and no increase in epidermal transglutaminase activity in papilloma cells while it causes 10-fold or greater increases in these differentiation markers in normal keratinocytes. Thus papilloma cells appear to differ from normal keratinocytes in their ability to maintain a proliferating population under conditions favoring terminal differentiation, their consistent proliferative response to phorbol esters under these same conditions, and their reduced sensitivity to phorbol ester-induced terminal differentiation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Yuspa, SH; Morgan, D; Lichti, U; Spangler, EF; Michael, D; Kilkenny, A; Hennings, H

Published Date

  • June 1986

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 949 - 958

PubMed ID

  • 2871947

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2871947

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2180

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0143-3334

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/carcin/7.6.949


  • eng