Scholarly output and the impact of self-citation among surgical fellowship program directors.


Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to define the publication patterns and the impact of self-citation among program directors of surgical fellowships. METHODS: Program directors were identified through the respective fellowship accrediting council and association websites for eleven surgical subspecialties. Using the Scopus database, the number of publications, citations, self-citations, and h-indices were calculated. RESULTS: 781 program directors were identified. The mean number ± SD of publications, citations, and h-index for the cohort were 74.6 ± 88.2, 2141 ± 3486, and 18.8 ± 14.5, respectively. The self-citation rate for the entire cohort was 3.17%. After excluding self-citations, the h-index remained unchanged for 72% of surgeons. After propensity score matching for h-index, colorectal surgeons (1.48%, p = 0.04) had significantly lower self-citation rates. CONCLUSION: Overall, self-citation is infrequent among program directors of surgical fellowships. There is a lower rate of self-citation among colorectal surgeons when compared to program directors in other specialties with similar baseline metrics.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yheulon, CG; Schlussel, AT; Ernat, JJ; Cafasso, DE; Carlson, TL; Gallagher, ME; Kellicut, DC

Published Date

  • June 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 219 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 913 - 917

PubMed ID

  • 31303252

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31303252

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1883

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2019.07.002


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States