Patient-reported Outcome Instruments in Lower Extremity Trauma: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
Background: Advances in fracture fixation and soft tissue coverage continue to improve the care of patients after limb-threatening lower extremity (LE) trauma. However, debate continues regarding which treatment option-reconstruction or amputation-is most appropriate. Many authors have attempted to quantify the patient experience in this treatment paradigm; however, they have not used patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments specific to this population. Our aim was to identify and evaluate PRO instruments developed specifically for LE trauma, applicable to reconstruction and amputation, using established PRO instrument development and validation guidelines. Methods: A multidisciplinary team used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method to query PubMed, Medline Ovid, EMBASE, Cochrane, Medline Web of Science, and Psych Info databases from inception to November 2016. Publications were included that described the development and/or validation of a PRO instrument assessing satisfaction and/or quality of life in LE trauma, applicable to both amputation and reconstruction. Two authors independently reviewed each full-text citation. Results: After removing duplicates, 6,290 abstracts were identified via the database query. Following a preliminary title and abstract screen, 657 full-text citations were reviewed. Of these references, none satisfied the previously established inclusion criteria. Conclusions: No studies were identified that described a PRO instrument developed to assess outcomes in LE trauma patients applicable to both reconstruction and amputation. There is thus a need for a PRO instrument designed specifically for patients who have sustained limb-threatening LE trauma to guide treatment decisions.
Mundy, LR; Grier, AJ; Weissler, EH; Carty, MJ; Pusic, AL; Hollenbeck, ST; Gage, MJ
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