Emotional distress in mothers of early-preterm infants, late-preterm infants, and full-term infants in Malawi.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Mothers of preterm infants, early or late, report more distress than mothers of full-term infants. Malawi has the highest preterm birth rate in the world, but nothing is known about the relation of preterm birth to maternal mental health. PURPOSE: To compare emotional distress among mothers of early-preterm, late-preterm, and full-term infants. METHODS: We recruited 28 mothers of early-preterm, 29 mothers of late-preterm, and 28 mothers of full-term infants. Emotional distress was assessed 24-72 hr following birth. One-way ANOVA and regression analysis were used to compare the three groups. FINDINGS: Mothers of early-preterm infants reported more distress symptoms than mothers of full-term infants, and scores of mothers of late-preterm infants fell between the other two groups. Having a support person present was associated with lower symptoms and caesarean birth was associated with more symptoms. DISCUSSION: Promoting maternal mental health is important following preterm birth and health care providers need to support mothers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gondwe, KW; Brandon, D; Yang, Q; Malcom, WF; Small, MJ; Holditch-Davis, D

Published Date

  • January 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 68 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 94 - 103

PubMed ID

  • 31375345

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-3968

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.outlook.2019.05.013


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States