Molecular epidemiology of an outbreak of human parainfluenza virus 3 among oncology patients.

Published online

Journal Article

A hospital outbreak of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV-3) in haematologic oncology patients is described in 12 patients over a four-week period. Exposure histories and molecular analysis of HPIV-3 isolates suggest that both community-acquired and nosocomially transmitted infections occurred during this outbreak. Molecular analysis of HPIV-3 isolates indicated that a chain of transmission occurred among multiple patients in an oncology ward. This transmission was later determined to be associated with the movement of fomites, visitors, and activities in the unit. The infection prevention team stopped nosocomial spread of HPIV-3 through interventions including advanced cleaning procedures.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bailey, ES; Lobaugh-Jin, E; Smith, B; Sova, C; Misuraca, J; Henshaw, N; Gray, GC

Published Date

  • July 26, 2019

Published In

PubMed ID

  • 31356855

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31356855

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-2939

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jhin.2019.07.012


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England