Mannose-Binding Lectin-Deficient Donors Increase the Risk of Bacterial Infection and Bacterial Infection-Related Mortality After Liver Transplantation.
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is synthesized by the liver and binds to microbes. MBL2 gene polymorphisms produce intermediate/low/null or normal MBL serum levels (MBL-deficient or MBL-sufficient phenotypes, respectively). We aimed to evaluate the incidence and severity of infection, rejection, and survival within 1 year after liver transplantation (LT) according to donor and recipient MBL2 gene polymorphisms. A repeated-event analysis for infection episodes (negative binomial regression, Andersen-Gill model) was performed in 240 LTs. Four hundred twenty-eight infectious episodes (310 bacterial, 15 fungal, 65 cytomegalovirus [CMV]-related, and 38 viral non-CMV-related episodes) and 48 rejection episodes were recorded. The main bacterial infections were urinary (n = 82, 26%) and pneumonia (n = 69, 22%). LT recipients of MBL-deficient livers had a higher risk of bacterial infection (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 1.48 [95% confidence interval 1.04-2.09], p = 0.028), pneumonia (IRR 2.4 [95% confidence interval 1.33-4.33], p = 0.013), and septic shock (IRR 5.62 [95% confidence interval 1.92-16.4], p = 0.002) compared with recipients of MBL-deficient livers. The 1-year bacterial infection-related mortality was higher in recipients of MBL-deficient versus MBL-sufficient livers (65.8% vs. 56.1%, respectively; p = 0.0097). The incidence of rejection, viral, or fungal infection was similar in both groups. Recipient MBL2 genotype did not significantly increase the risk of bacterial infection. LT recipients of MBL-deficient livers have a higher risk of bacterial infection, pneumonia, septic shock, and 1-year bacterial infection-related mortality after LT.
Lombardo-Quezada, J; Sanclemente, G; Colmenero, J; Español-Rego, M; Arias, MT; Ruiz, P; Mauro, E; Sastre, L; Crespo, G; Rimola, A; Moreno, A; Lozano, F; Navasa, M
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