Two Doses of Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Improve Immune Response in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Results of TRANSGRIPE 1-2, a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.


Journal Article

Influenza vaccine effectiveness is not optimal in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR). We hypothesized that a booster dose might increase it.TRANSGRIPE 1-2 is a phase 3, randomized, controlled, multicenter, open-label clinical trial. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1 stratified by study site, type of organ, and time since transplantation) to receive 1 dose (control group) or 2 doses (booster group) of the influenza vaccine 5 weeks apart.A total of 499 SOTR were enrolled. Although seroconversion at 10 weeks did not meet significance in the modified intention-to-treat population, seroconversion rates were significantly higher in the booster arm for the per-protocol population (53.8% vs 37.6% for influenza A(H1N1)pdm; 48.1% vs 32.3% for influenza A(H3N2); and 90.7% vs 75% for influenza B; P < .05). Furthermore, seroprotection at 10 weeks was higher in the booster group: 54% vs 43.2% for A(H1N1)pdm; 56.9% vs 45.5% for A(H3N2); and 83.4% vs 71.8% for influenza B (P < .05). The number needed to treat to seroprotect 1 patient was <10. The clinical efficacy (99.2% vs 98.8%) and serious adverse events (6.4% vs 7.5%) were similar for both groups.In SOTR, a booster strategy 5 weeks after standard influenza vaccination is safe and effective and induces an increased antibody response compared with standard influenza vaccination consisting of a single dose.EudraCT (2011-003243-21).

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Cordero, E; Roca-Oporto, C; Bulnes-Ramos, A; Aydillo, T; Gavaldà, J; Moreno, A; Torre-Cisneros, J; Montejo, JM; Fortun, J; Muñoz, P; Sabé, N; Fariñas, MC; Blanes-Julia, M; López-Medrano, F; Suárez-Benjumea, A; Martinez-Atienza, J; Rosso-Fernández, C; Pérez-Romero, P; TRANSGRIPE 1–2 Study Group,

Published Date

  • April 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 64 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 829 - 838

PubMed ID

  • 28362949

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28362949

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6591

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1058-4838

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/cid/ciw855


  • eng