The influence of innate immunity gene receptors polymorphisms in renal transplant infections.
BACKGROUND: Genetically defined deficiencies in key components of the innate immune system have been associated with a greater risk of infection. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of genetic variability of innate immune receptors (mannose-binding lectin [MBL], mannose-associated serine-protease-2 [MASP-2], and Toll-like receptors [TLR4]) in the risk of infections after a kidney transplantation. METHODS: All patients undergoing a kidney or kidney-pancreas transplantation during a 3-year period were included. Functionally relevant mutations in MBL2, MASP2, and TLR4 genes were determined by DNA sequencing. The incidence of major bacterial infections, asymptomatic cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, and CMV disease were compared among groups. RESULTS: There were no differences regarding major transplant characteristics among groups. Older age, requirements for posttransplant hemodialysis, and pretransplant diabetes, but not gene polymorphisms, were associated with a greater number of bacterial infections. In univariate analysis, low-MBL genotypes were associated with CMV disease in pretransplant CMV seropositive patients (P=0.015), whereas the TLR4 mutation was associated with higher risk of CMV primary infection (P=0.024). TLR4 mutation was an independent factor associated with CMV disease (odds ratio 5.84, 95% confidence interval 1.35-25.20, P=0.018). CONCLUSION: Polymorphisms of innate immunity receptors, especially TLR4 mutation, were associated with higher risk of CMV disease, while susceptibility to other infectious disorders was not observed.
Cervera, C; Lozano, F; Saval, N; Gimferrer, I; Ibañez, A; Suárez, B; Linares, L; Cofán, F; Ricart, MJ; Esforzado, N; Marcos, MA; Pumarola, T; Oppenheimer, F; Campistol, JM; Moreno, A
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