[Infections in recipients of a kidney-pancreas transplant].
Infection can lead to graft loss and death in patients undergoing kidney and double kidney-pancreas transplantation. In this review, the prophylactic measures, the post-transplant timeline for the development of infections, and the most frequent infectious complications in patients with kidney and pancreas transplantation are described. Although great advances have been achieved in the prevention of infections, new problems have developed. Nosocomial bacterial infection with multidrug-resistant bacteria is an emerging complication. Cytomegalovirus is still the most frequent viral infection despite the advances in prevention measures. Moreover, in recent years polyomavirus type BK infection has been recognized as a major cause of renal graft loss. Knowledge of the infectious complications associated with these transplants and the risk factors for their occurrence will allow optimal therapeutic management of this patient population.
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