Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children's mental health.


Journal Article

The United States is embroiled in a debate about whether to protect or deport its estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants, but the fact that these immigrants are also parents to more than 4 million U.S.-born children is often overlooked. We provide causal evidence of the impact of parents' unauthorized immigration status on the health of their U.S. citizen children. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program granted temporary protection from deportation to more than 780,000 unauthorized immigrants. We used Medicaid claims data from Oregon and exploited the quasi-random assignment of DACA eligibility among mothers with birthdates close to the DACA age qualification cutoff. Mothers' DACA eligibility significantly decreased adjustment and anxiety disorder diagnoses among their children. Parents' unauthorized status is thus a substantial barrier to normal child development and perpetuates health inequalities through the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hainmueller, J; Lawrence, D; Martén, L; Black, B; Figueroa, L; Hotard, M; Jiménez, TR; Mendoza, F; Rodriguez, MI; Swartz, JJ; Laitin, DD

Published Date

  • September 8, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 357 / 6355

Start / End Page

  • 1041 - 1044

PubMed ID

  • 28860206

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28860206

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.aan5893


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States