Pharmacist prescription of hormonal contraception in Oregon: Baseline knowledge and interest in provision.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: Oregon has implemented legislation expanding the scope of pharmacists to directly prescribe short-acting hormonal contraception (pill and patch) without a medical prescription. Pharmacists are crucial to the success of the new law, but relatively little is known about their intentions to prescribe contraception, or the motivators or barriers in providing this service. METHODS: With the use of a cross-sectional survey of pharmacists practicing in Oregon before the legislative implementation, we analyzed responses to assess contraceptive knowledge, motivation to participate in direct provision, and perception of barriers to pharmacist prescription of contraception. A logistic regression model was used to examine the association between years in pharmacy practice and intention to provide direct access to contraception. RESULTS: A total of 509 pharmacists responded (17%). If training and reimbursement were offered, more than one-half of pharmacists would potentially be interested in prescribing contraception, managing side-effects, or moving women to a different hormonal method (57%, 61%, and 54%, respectively). However, only 39.1% of pharmacists surveyed planned to actually prescribe hormonal contraception when the legislation took effect. Shortage of pharmacy staff to provide services, concerns about liability, and a need for additional training were the three largest barriers to participation. Pharmacists practicing in urban locations (odds ratio 1.73, 95% CI 1.11-2.70) or currently offering emergency contraception (odds ratio 2.23, 95% CI 1.47-3.40) were significantly more likely to be planning to participate. CONCLUSION: Preliminary data indicate a need to support pharmacists with education on contraceptive provision and development of interventions to facilitate counseling in the pharmacy setting.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rodriguez, MI; McConnell, KJ; Swartz, J; Edelman, AB

Published Date

  • September 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 521 - 526

PubMed ID

  • 27594105

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27594105

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1544-3450

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.japh.2016.05.003

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States