Detection of iron deficiency in children with Down syndrome.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: Current American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for children with Down syndrome (DS) recommend a complete blood count (CBC) at birth and hemoglobin annually to screen for iron deficiency (ID) and ID anemia (IDA) in low-risk children. We aimed to determine if macrocytosis masks the diagnosis of ID/IDA and to evaluate the utility of biochemical and red blood cell indices for detecting ID/IDA in DS. METHODS: We reviewed data from 856 individuals from five DS specialty clinics. Data included hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, red cell distribution width (RDW), percent transferrin saturation (TS), ferritin, and c-reactive protein. Receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated. RESULTS: Macrocytosis was found in 32% of the sample. If hemoglobin alone was used for screening, all individuals with IDA would have been identified, but ID would have been missed in all subjects. RDW had the highest discriminability of any single test for ID/IDA. The combination of RDW with ferritin or TS led to 100% sensitivity, and RDW combined with ferritin showed the highest discriminability for ID/IDA. CONCLUSION: We provide evidence to support that a CBC and ferritin be obtained routinely for children over 1 year old with DS rather than hemoglobin alone for detection of ID.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hart, SJ; Zimmerman, K; Linardic, CM; Cannon, S; Pastore, A; Patsiogiannis, V; Rossi, P; Santoro, SL; Skotko, BG; Torres, A; Valentini, D; Vellody, K; Worley, G; Kishnani, PS

Published Date

  • February 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 317 - 325

PubMed ID

  • 31417190

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8039980

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-0366

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41436-019-0637-4


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States