Animal influenza virus infections in humans: A commentary.


Journal Article (Review)

Here we review evidence for influenza A viruses (IAVs) moving from swine, avian, feline, equine, and canine species to infect humans. We review case reports, sero-epidemiological, archeo-epidemiological, environmental, and historical studies and consider trends in livestock farming. Although this focused review is not systematic, the aggregated data point to industrialized swine farming as the most likely source of future pandemic viruses, yet IAV surveillance on such farms is remarkably sparse. We recommend increased biosafety and biosecurity training for farm administrators and swine workers with One Health-oriented virus surveillance throughout industrialized farming and meat production lines. Collaborative partnerships with human medical researchers could aid in efforts to mitigate emerging virus threats by offering new surveillance and diagnostic technologies to livestock farming industries.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Borkenhagen, LK; Salman, MD; Ma, M-J; Gray, GC

Published Date

  • November 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 88 /

Start / End Page

  • 113 - 119

PubMed ID

  • 31401200

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31401200

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-3511

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ijid.2019.08.002


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Canada