Dementia: a barrier to receiving percutaneous coronary intervention for elderly patients with ST-elevated myocardial infarction.
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the first line of treatment for ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study evaluates the role of dementia in diagnostic cardiac catheterization (to receive PCI) in STEMI patients ≥65 years old admitted to high annual volume PCI hospitals. METHODS: Participants were registered in Florida's comprehensive inpatient surveillance system for the years 2006-2007 with principal diagnosis of STEMI. Dementia was defined using ICD-9 codes for presenile, senile, and Alzheimer's type dementia. RESULTS: Data from 8331 STEMI patients were used. Of these, 77.2% were catheterized, 67.2% received PCI, and 9.3% had coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The mean age of the cohort was 76.3 years (SD 7.8 years.); with 43.3% female, 83.4% white, 4.6% black, and 12% Hispanic/other. Of the 248 (3%) patients with dementia, 42% were catheterized. After adjustment for age, gender, and race/ethnicity, patients with dementia were less likely to be catheterized (RR 0.30, 95% CI 0.30-0.50) than non-demented patients. However, among patients who were catheterized, there was no difference in the use of PCI or CABG for patients with versus without dementia (p = 0.56). Of those with dementia, being older and arriving to the hospital in the afternoon were associated with lower likelihood of being catheterized (RR 0.08, 95% CI 0.02-0.28, and RR 0.30, 95% CI 0.10-0.88, respectively). However, having hyperlipidemia increased the probability of catheterization (RR 3.60, 95% CI 1.86-6.98). CONCLUSION: ST-elevated myocardial infarction patients with dementia were much less likely to receive diagnostic cardiac catheterization, thereby limiting the possibility for receiving optimal care including PCI or CABG.
Chanti-Ketterl, M; Pathak, EB; Andel, R; Mortimer, JA
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