Zwitterionic amino acid-based Poly(ester urea)s suppress adhesion formation in a rat intra-abdominal cecal abrasion model.
Hernia repair outcomes have improved with more robust material options for surgeons and optimized surgical techniques. However, ventral hernia repairs remain challenging with an inherent risk of post-surgical adhesions in the peritoneal space which can occur regardless of interventional material or its surgical placement. Herein, amino acid-based poly(ester urea)s (PEUs) with varied amount of an allyl ether side chains were modified post polymerization modification with the zwitterionic sulfnate group (3-((3-((3-mercaptopropanoyl)oxy)propyl) dimethylammonio)propane-1-sulfonate) to promote anti-adhesive properties. These alloc-PEUs were processed using roll-to-roll fabrication methods to afford films that were amenable to surface functionalization via a zwitterion-thiol. Functional group availability on the surface was confirmed via fluorescence microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) measurements. Zwitterionic treated PEUs exhibited reduced fibrinogen adsorption in vitro when compared to unfunctionalized control polymer. A rat intrabdominal cecal abrasion adhesion model was used to assess the extent and tenacity of adhesion formation in the presence of the PEUs. The 10% alloc-PEU zwitterion functionalized material was found to reduce the extent and tenacity of adhesions when compared to adhesion controls and the unfunctionalized PEU controls.
Dreger, NZ; Zander, ZK; Hsu, Y-H; Luong, D; Chen, P; Le, N; Parsell, T; Søndergaard, C; Dunbar, ML; Koewler, NJ; Suckow, MA; Becker, ML
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