Impact of an enhanced recovery pathway on length of stay and complications in elective radical cystectomy: a before and after cohort study.
Background: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways aim to standardize and integrate perioperative care, incorporating the best available evidence-based practice throughout the perioperative period targeted at attenuating the surgical stress response while optimizing physiologic function, with the goal of facilitating recovery. Radical cystectomy is associated with significant postoperative morbidity, but comprehensive ERAS pathways have not been well studied in this population. Methods: This is a before and after cohort study of an ERAS pathway for radical cystectomy at a large academic medical center. Following introduction of the ERAS pathway and a wash in period, we prospectively collected data from the next 100 consecutive subjects undergoing radical cystectomy with the ERAS pathway. This cohort was compared to a retrospective cohort of 100 consecutive patients undergoing radical cystectomy with traditional care. The primary outcome was hospital length of stay. Secondary outcomes included perioperative management, time to recovery milestones, complications, and costs. Results: Implementation of an ERAS pathway for radical cystectomy was associated with reduced hospital length of stay (median LOS 10 days (IQR = 8-18) vs 7 days (IQR = 6-11); p < 0.0001), reduced time to key recovery milestones, including days to first stool (5.83 vs 3.99; p < 0.001) and days to first solid food (9.68 vs 3.2; p < 0.001), reductions in some complications, and a 26.6% reduction in overall costs (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our data support the use of an ERAS pathway for radical cystectomy and add to the increasing body of literature supporting enhanced recovery over a wide variety of procedures. Trial registration: Not applicable.
Dunkman, WJ; Manning, MW; Whittle, J; Hunting, J; Rampersaud, EN; Inman, BA; Thacker, JK; Miller, TE
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