Uniform bounds for the number of rational points on curves of small mordell-weil rank

Published

Journal Article

© 2016. Let X be a curve of genus g ≥ 2 over a number field F of degree d = [F : Q]. The conjectural existence of a uniform bound N (g, d) on the number #X(F) of F-rational points of X is an outstanding open problem in arithmetic geometry, known by the work of Caporaso, Harris, and Mazur to follow from the Bombieri-Lang conjecture. A related conjecture posits the existence of a uniform bound Ntors,†(g, d) on the number of geometric torsion points of the Jacobian J of X which lie on the image of X under an Abel-Jacobi map. For fixed X, the finiteness of this quantity is the Manin-Mumford conjecture, which was proved by Raynaud. We give an explicit uniform bound on #X(F) when X has Mordell-Weil rank r ≤ g 3. This generalizes recent work of Stoll on uniform bounds for hyperelliptic curves of small rank to arbitrary curves. Using the same techniques, we give an explicit, unconditional uniform bound on the number of F-rational torsion points of J lying on the image of X under an Abel-Jacobi map. We also give an explicit uniform bound on the number of geometric torsion points of J lying on X when the reduction type of X is highly degenerate. Our methods combine Chabauty-Coleman's p-adic integration, non-Archimedean potential theory on Berkovich curves, and the theory of linear systems and divisors on metric graphs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Katz, E; Rabinoff, J; Zureick-Brown, D

Published Date

  • January 1, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 165 / 16

Start / End Page

  • 3189 - 3240

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0012-7094

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1215/00127094-3673558

Citation Source

  • Scopus