Evolutionarily conserved role of calcineurin in phosphodegron-dependent degradation of phosphodiesterase 4D.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Calcineurin is a widely expressed and highly conserved Ser/Thr phosphatase. Calcineurin is inhibited by the immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine A (CsA) or tacrolimus (FK506). The critical role of CsA/FK506 as an immunosuppressant following transplantation surgery provides a strong incentive to understand the phosphatase calcineurin. Here we uncover a novel regulatory pathway for cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling by the phosphatase calcineurin which is also evolutionarily conserved in Caenorhabditis elegans. We found that calcineurin binds directly to and inhibits the proteosomal degradation of cAMP-hydrolyzing phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D). We show that ubiquitin conjugation and proteosomal degradation of PDE4D are controlled by a cullin 1-containing E(3) ubiquitin ligase complex upon dual phosphorylation by casein kinase 1 (CK1) and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) in a phosphodegron motif. Our findings identify a novel signaling process governing G-protein-coupled cAMP signal transduction-opposing actions of the phosphatase calcineurin and the CK1/GSK3beta protein kinases on the phosphodegron-dependent degradation of PDE4D. This novel signaling system also provides unique functional insights into the complications elicited by CsA in transplant patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zhu, H; Suk, HY; Yu, RYL; Brancho, D; Olabisi, O; Yang, TTC; Yang, X; Zhang, J; Moussaif, M; Durand, JL; Jelicks, LA; Kim, J-Y; Scherer, PE; Frank, PG; Lisanti, MP; Calvert, JW; Duranski, MR; Lefer, DJ; Huston, E; Baillie, GS; Houslay, MD; Molkentin, JD; Jin, J; Chow, C-W

Published Date

  • September 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 4379 - 4390

PubMed ID

  • 20647544

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2937537

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-5549

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/MCB.01193-09


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States