Renin and angiotensinogen mRNA expression in the kidneys of rats subjected to long-term bile duct ligation.
Activation of antinatriuretic systems such as the renin-angiotensin system, is of major importance in the pathogenesis of sodium retention in cirrhosis. In this study, we studied the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system by measuring renin and angiotensinogen mRNA expression in the kidney of rats subjected to long-term bile duct ligation in a phase before the development of ascites, when sodium retention is already present. Experiments were performed in sham-operated and bile duct-ligated rats 3 wk after surgery. Balance studies showed lower sodium excretion and greater sodium retention in the bile duct-ligated rats compared with the control animals. Plasma renin activity (4.41 +/- 1.01 ng Angiotensin I/ml/hr in the bile duct-ligated group vs. 4.20 +/- 0.74 in the controls) and plasma renin concentration were not different between the two groups. However, plasma renin substrate was significantly decreased in bile duct-ligated animals. Total kidney renin mRNA was significantly higher in the bile duct-ligated animals (0.83 +/- 0.14 densitometric units vs. 0.44 +/- 0.04 in the controls), as determined on Northern-blot analysis and densitometric quantitation. Angiotensinogen mRNA expression in the kidneys of bile duct-ligated rats was significantly decreased (0.09 +/- 0.01 densitometric units) compared with that of the controls (0.21 +/- 0.03). These results indicate that sodium-retaining, nonascitic bile duct-ligated rats show abnormalities of the intrarenal renin angiotensin system that precede changes in plasma renin activity. Our data suggest that the intrarenal renin angiotensin system may participate in the initiation of the renal pathophysiological abnormalities present in bile duct-ligated rats.
Ubeda, M; Matzilevich, MM; Atucha, NM; García-Estañ, J; Quesada, T; Tang, SS; Ingelfinger, JR
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