S-nitrosothiols and the S-nitrosoproteome of the cardiovascular system.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

Significance

Since their discovery in the early 1990's, S-nitrosylated proteins have been increasingly recognized as important determinants of many biochemical processes. Specifically, S-nitrosothiols in the cardiovascular system exert many actions, including promoting vasodilation, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and regulating Ca(2+) channel function that influences myocyte contractility and electrophysiologic stability.

Recent advances

Contemporary developments in liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry methods, the development of biotin- and His-tag switch assays, and the availability of cyanide dye-labeling for S-nitrosothiol detection in vitro have increased significantly the identification of a number of cardiovascular protein targets of S-nitrosylation in vivo.

Critical issues

Recent analyses using modern S-nitrosothiol detection techniques have revealed the mechanistic significance of S-nitrosylation to the pathophysiology of numerous cardiovascular diseases, including essential hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, ischemic heart disease, stroke, and congestive heart failure, among others.

Future directions

Despite enhanced insight into S-nitrosothiol biochemistry, translating these advances into beneficial pharmacotherapies for patients with cardiovascular diseases remains a primary as-yet unmet goal for investigators within the field.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Maron, BA; Tang, S-S; Loscalzo, J

Published Date

  • January 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 270 - 287

PubMed ID

  • 22770551

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3518544

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-7716

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1523-0864

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1089/ars.2012.4744

Language

  • eng