Heme oxygenase-1 is upregulated in the kidney of angiotensin II-induced hypertensive rats : possible role in renoprotection.
In this study, we investigated the regulation and physiological role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the kidney of rats with hypertension. Rats were continuously administered either angiotensin II (Ang II) or norepinephrine with an osmotic minipump for up to 7 days. Ang II infusion decreased the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) as determined through creatinine clearance (3.2+/-0.2 versus 1.2+/-0.2 mL/min with Ang II infusion, P<0.01) and increased proteinuria (9. 7+/-1.3 versus 28.1+/-7.2 mg/d with Ang II infusion, P<0.01). In contrast, norepinephrine did not alter these laboratory values. Ang II infusion significantly increased HO-1 expression in mRNA (442+/-98% of control at day 5, P<0.01) and protein levels (314+/-49% of control at day 5, P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry showed that in the kidney of normotensive rats, HO-1 was expressed mainly in the basal side in the renal tubules. After Ang II infusion, HO-1 staining was more extensively dispersed in the tubular epithelial cells. The intraperitoneal administration of zinc protoporphyrin, an HO inhibitor, to Ang II-infused rats further decreased GFR (0.8+/-0. 1 mL/min) and increased proteinuria (52.5+/-13.0 mg/d). In contrast, the administration of hemin, an HO inducer, ameliorated the Ang II-induced decrease in GFR (2.4+/-0.2 mL/min) and increase in proteinuria (9.3+/-4.5 mg/d). These data suggest that HO-1 upregulation in the kidney of Ang II-induced hypertensive rats may exert a renoprotective effect against Ang II-induced renal injury.
Aizawa, T; Ishizaka, N; Taguchi, JI; Nagai, R; Mori, I; Tang, SS; Ingelfinger, JR; Ohno, M
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