Distribution and function of cardiac angiotensin AT1- and AT2-receptor subtypes in hypertrophied rat hearts.
To determine distribution and function of cardiac angiotensin (ANG) II receptor AT1 and AT2 subtypes in left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), ANG II (10(-8) M) was infused into isolated rat hearts with hypertrophy from aortic banding and into sham-operated controls. ANG II was infused alone or in the presence of AT1 inhibitor [losartan (10(-5) M) or CL-329167 (10(-7) M)] or AT2 inhibitor [CG-42112A (10(-8) M]. ANG II alone caused less increase in coronary vascular resistance (CVR) in LVH compared with control hearts (19 vs. 39%; P < 0.01), although baseline CVR was higher in LVH hearts. This was prevented by AT1 but not AT2 antagonists. ANG II also increased LV end-diastolic pressure in LVH hearts, signifying decreased diastolic relaxation that was prevented by AT1 but not AT2 inhibition. Characterization of ANG II binding sites in LV membrane preparations revealed similar dissociation constants between groups (1.6 +/- 0.95 vs. 2.2 +/- 2.0 nM; not significant) but lower maximum binding capacity in the LVH group (21.1 +/- 5.9 vs. 33.5 +/- 3.0 fmol/mg protein; P < 0.05). Competition assays demonstrated that control left ventricles contain predominantly the AT1 subtype (68.8 +/- 20%), whereas LVH ventricles contain primarily the putative AT2 subtype (59.8% +/- 10.8%; P < 0.05). This suggests that receptor subtype redistribution occurs in LVH with AT1 subtype down-regulation. Nonetheless, the AT1 subtype mediates the effects of ANG II on coronary tone and diastolic dysfunction in pressure-overload hypertrophy.
Lopez, JJ; Lorell, BH; Ingelfinger, JR; Weinberg, EO; Schunkert, H; Diamant, D; Tang, SS
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