Temperature-sensitive SV40 immortalized rat proximal tubule cell line has functional renin-angiotensin system.
Immortalized rat proximal tubule cell (IRPTC) lines should be useful for investigation of proximal tubule (PT) regulation and function but previously have been unavailable. We now report the establishment and characterization of an immortalized transformed, temperature-sensitive IRPTC cell line containing renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components. Primary PT cells prepared from male Wistar rats (4-5 wk old) after collagenase digestion, sieving, and Percoll gradient were cultured on collagen-coated T-75 flasks in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing 5% fetal calf serum. Subconfluent PT cells were transfected with the temperature-sensitive SV40 mutant viruses (tsA SV40) by direct exposure. After 7-8 wk, several clones were obtained, from which one has been characterized and designated as line 3-2. This cell line appears stable up to 45 passages. Clonal cells transformed with this virus exhibit a transformed phenotype at a permissive temperature of 34 degrees C and grow in multiple layers. When the cells are subsequently placed at a nonpermissive temperature of 41 degrees C, they return to morphology similar to that of untransformed cells of the same lineage. At either 34 degrees C or 41 degrees C, this cell line expresses a variety of PT markers including alkaline phosphatase, cytokeratin, carbonic anhydrase, and glucose transporter isoform 2 (GLUT2), while not expressing factor VIII. Uniquely, these cells also appear to express PT proteins gp330 and CHIP28, markers which are usually lost in cultured cells. Furthermore, the cell line expresses protein and mRNA components of RAS, including angiotensinogen, angiotensin converting enzyme, and renin. The IRPTC cell line expresses few angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors at 34 degrees C, the permissive temperature. However, at the nonpermissive temperature, 41 degrees C, IRPTC expresses ANG II receptor (dissociation constant of 0.7 nM; maximum binding capacity of 265 fmol/mg protein). ANG II (10(-8) M) induced a transient rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration, which was nearly abolished with losartan but not PD-123319, suggesting this finding is AT1 receptor mediated. This cell line should provide an excellent model of PT and should make it possible to study the cell and molecular biology of the RAS, as well as other regulatory systems of the PT.
Tang, SS; Jung, F; Diamant, D; Brown, D; Bachinsky, D; Hellman, P; Ingelfinger, JR
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