High-speed low-crosstalk detection of a 171 Yb+ qubit using superconducting nanowire single photon detectors

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Qubits used in quantum computing suffer from errors, either from the qubit interacting with the environment, or from imperfect quantum logic gates. Effective quantum error correcting codes require a high fidelity readout of ancilla qubits from which the error syndrome can be determined without affecting data qubits. Here, we present a detection scheme for 171Yb+ qubits, where we use superconducting nanowire single photon detectors and utilize photon time-of-arrival statistics to improve the fidelity and speed. Qubit shuttling allows for creating a separate detection region where an ancilla qubit can be measured without disrupting a data qubit. We achieve an average qubit state detection time of 11 μs with a fidelity of 99.931(6). The detection crosstalk error, defined as the probability that the data qubit coherence is lost due to the process of detecting an ancilla qubit, is reduced to ~2 × 10−5 by creating a separation of 370 μm between them.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Crain, S; Cahall, C; Vrijsen, G; Wollman, EE; Shaw, MD; Verma, VB; Nam, SW; Kim, J

Published Date

  • December 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 1

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2399-3650

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s42005-019-0195-8

Citation Source

  • Scopus