Post-fabrication QAC-functionalized thermoplastic polyurethane for contact-killing catheter applications.
The use of catheters is ubiquitous in medicine and the incidence of infection remains unacceptably high despite numerous advances in functional surfaces and drug elution. Herein we report the use of a thermoplastic polyurethane containing an allyl ether side-chain functionality (allyl-TPU) that allows for rapid and convenient surface modification with antimicrobial reagents, post-processing. This post-processing functionalization affords the ability to target appropriate TPU properties and maintain the functional groups on the surface of the device where they do not affect bulk properties. A series of quaternary ammonium thiol compounds (Qx-SH) possessing various hydrocarbon tail lengths (8-14 carbons) were synthesized and attached to the surface using thiol-ene "click" chemistry. A quantitative assessment of the amount of Qx-SH available on the surface was determined using fluorescence spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Contact-killing assays note the Q8-SH composition has the highest antimicrobial activity, and a live/dead fluorescence assay reveals rapid contact-killing of Staphylococcus aureus (>75% in 5 min) and Escherichia coli (90% in 10 min) inocula. Scale-up and extrusion of allyl-TPU provides catheter prototypes for biofilm formation testing with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and surface-functionalized catheters modified with Q8-SH demonstrate their ability to reduce biofilm formation.
Zander, ZK; Chen, P; Hsu, Y-H; Dreger, NZ; Savariau, L; McRoy, WC; Cerchiari, AE; Chambers, SD; Barton, HA; Becker, ML
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