Promoting the positive development of boys in high-poverty neighborhoods: Evidence from four anti-poverty experiments
This study uses geocoded address data and information about parents' economic behavior and children's development from four random-assignment welfare and anti-poverty experiments conducted during the 1990s. We find that the impacts of these welfare and anti-poverty programs on boys' and girls' developmental outcomes during the transition to early adolescence differ as a function of neighborhood poverty levels. The strongest positive impacts of these programs are among boys who lived in high-poverty neighborhoods at the time their parents enrolled in the studies, with smaller or nonstatistically significant effects for boys in lower-poverty neighborhoods and for girls across all neighborhoods. This research informs our understanding of how neighborhood context and child gender may interact with employment-based policies to affect children's well-being. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Research on Adolescence © 2012 Society for Research on Adolescence.
Snell, EK; Castells, N; Duncan, G; Gennetian, L; Magnuson, K; Morris, P
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