Feasibility of a clinic-delivered adolescent and pediatrician communication intervention on patient participatory behaviors and behavior change: TIC TAC pilot study.
OBJECTIVES: Pediatrician-adolescent communication can improve adolescent health. We conducted a two-arm design to pilot-test an intervention that randomized adolescents to receive a Feedback Guide to promote engaged conversations. We hypothesized that adolescents who received the Guide would be more participatory. METHODS: We recruited 12 pediatricians and 29 adolescents. Clinic staff enrolled adolescents using a tablet that enabled consenting, assessment of high-risk behaviors, and audio recording of encounters. We surveyed adolescents immediately and two months after the encounter. RESULTS: Adolescents who received the intervention were more participatory than adolescents who did not. Pediatricians counseled on 20 of 32 high-risk behaviors with no significant arm differences. At follow-up, adolescents changed 9 of 32 behaviors; 6 were among 4 of adolescents in the intervention arm. Adolescents in the intervention arm were also more likely to report that counseling would help them change their behavior; these encounters were slightly longer than control arm encounters. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed feasibility of a streamlined approach to enrolling and audio recording encounters. The Feedback Guide improved adolescent participation and might have helped them adopt healthier behaviors. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Adolescents can be primed to be participatory and can change their behaviors after a meaningful encounter with their pediatrician.
Pollak, KI; Gao, X; Chung, RJ; Farrell, D; Bravender, T
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