B7-H3-redirected chimeric antigen receptor T cells target glioblastoma and neurospheres.
BACKGROUND: The dismal survival of glioblastoma (GBM) patients urgently calls for the development of new treatments. Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells are an attractive strategy, but preclinical and clinical studies in GBM have shown that heterogeneous expression of the antigens targeted so far causes tumor escape, highlighting the need for the identification of new targets. We explored if B7-H3 is a valuable target for CAR-T cells in GBM. METHODS: We compared mRNA expression of antigens in GBM using TCGA data, and validated B7-H3 expression by immunohistochemistry. We then tested the antitumor activity of B7-H3-redirected CAR-T cells against GBM cell lines and patient-derived GBM neurospheres in vitro and in xenograft murine models. FINDINGS: B7-H3 mRNA and protein are overexpressed in GBM relative to normal brain in all GBM subtypes. Of the 46 specimens analyzed by immunohistochemistry, 76% showed high B7-H3 expression, 22% had detectable, but low B7-H3 expression and 2% were negative, as was normal brain. All 20 patient-derived neurospheres showed ubiquitous B7-H3 expression. B7-H3-redirected CAR-T cells effectively targeted GBM cell lines and neurospheres in vitro and in vivo. No significant differences were found between CD28 and 4-1BB co-stimulation, although CD28-co-stimulated CAR-T cells released more inflammatory cytokines. INTERPRETATION: We demonstrated that B7-H3 is highly expressed in GBM specimens and neurospheres that contain putative cancer stem cells, and that B7-H3-redirected CAR-T cells can effectively control tumor growth. Therefore, B7-H3 represents a promising target in GBM. FUND: Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation; Il Fondo di Gio Onlus; National Cancer Institute; Burroughs Wellcome Fund.
Nehama, D; Di Ianni, N; Musio, S; Du, H; Patané, M; Pollo, B; Finocchiaro, G; Park, JJH; Dunn, DE; Edwards, DS; Damrauer, JS; Hudson, H; Floyd, SR; Ferrone, S; Savoldo, B; Pellegatta, S; Dotti, G
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