TCR repertoire and CDR3 motif analyses depict the role of αβ T cells in Ankylosing spondylitis.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease with worldwide high prevalence. Although AS is strongly associated with HLA-B27 MHC-I antigen presentation, the role played by αβ T cells in AS remains elusive. METHODS: Utilizing TCRβ repertoire sequencing and bioinformatics tools developed in house, we analyzed overall TCR repertoire structures and antigen-recognizing CDR3 motifs in AS patients with different disease activities. FINDINGS: We found that disease progression is associated with both CD4+ and CD8+ T cell oligo-clonal expansion, which suggests that αβ T cell activation may mediate AS disease progression. By developing a bioinformatics platform to dissect antigen-specific responses, we discovered a cell population consisting of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells expressing identical TCRs, herein termed CD4/8 T cells. CD4/8 clonotypes were highly enriched in the spondyloarthritic joint fluid of patients, and their expansion correlated with the activity of disease. INTERPRETATION: These results provide evidence on the T cell clone side to reveal the potential role of CD4/8 T cells in the etiology of AS development.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zheng, M; Zhang, X; Zhou, Y; Tang, J; Han, Q; Zhang, Y; Ni, Q; Chen, G; Jia, Q; Yu, H; Liu, S; Robins, E; Jiang, NJ; Wan, Y; Li, Q-J; Chen, Z-N; Zhu, P

Published Date

  • September 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 /

Start / End Page

  • 414 - 426

PubMed ID

  • 31477563

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31477563

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2352-3964

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.07.032

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands