Evaluation of UVA emission from x-ray megavoltage-irradiated tissues and phantoms.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

RECA (Radiotherapy enhanced with Cherenkov photo-activation) is a proposed treatment where the anti-cancer drug psoralen is photo-activated in situ by UVA (Ultraviolet A, 320-400 nm) Cherenkov light (CL) produced directly by the treatment beam itself. In this study, we develop a UVA-imaging technique to quantify relative UVA CL produced by bulk tissues and other phantoms upon clinical x-ray megavoltage irradiation. UVA CL emission (320-400 nm) was quantified in tissue samples of porcine and poultry and in two kinds of solid waters (SW): brown (Virtual Waters, Standard Imaging, WI) and white (Diagnostic Therapy, CIRS, VA), and in 1% agarose gels variously doped with absorbing dye. Quantification was achieved through cumulative imaging of the samples placed in a dark, light-blocking chamber during irradiation on a Varian 21 EX accelerator. UVA imaging required a specialized high-sensitivity cooled camera equipped with UVA lenses and a filter. At 15 MV, white SW emitted [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] less UVA than chicken breast, pork loin and pork belly, respectively. Similar under-response was observed at 6 MV. Brown SW had [Formula: see text] less UVA emission than white SW at 15 MV, and negligible emission at 6 MV. Agarose samples (1% by weight) doped with 250 ppm India ink exhibited equivalent UVA CL emission to chicken breast (within 8%). The results confirm that for the same absorbed dose, SW emits less UVA light than the tissue samples, indicating that prior in vitro studies utilizing SW as the CL-generating source may have underestimated the RECA therapeutic effect. Agarose doped with 250 ppm India ink is a convenient tissue-equivalent phantom for further work.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jain, S; Yoon, SW; Zhang, X; Adamson, J; Floyd, S; Oldham, M

Published Date

  • November 21, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 64 / 22

Start / End Page

  • 225017 -

PubMed ID

  • 31505474

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC10161135

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1361-6560

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/1361-6560/ab4333


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England