Single-Atom Iron as Lithiophilic Site To Minimize Lithium Nucleation Overpotential for Stable Lithium Metal Full Battery.


Journal Article

High lithium nucleation overpotential on a lithiophobic matrix results in uncontrollable growth of lithium dendrites and thus restricts the wide application of lithium-metal batteries. Herein, the single-atom iron in a N-doped carbon matrix (FeSA-N-C) is first reported as a lithiophilic site to minimize Li nucleation overpotential from 18.6 mV to a very low value of 0.8 mV. Molecular dynamics simulations quantitatively confirmed the excellent affinity between Li ions and FeSA-N-C in the atomic level. Induced by the homogeneously distributed FeSA-N in the carbon substrate, uniform and stable metallic Li plating/stripping behaviors are realized and lithium dendrite growth is greatly suppressed. The proposed strategy of using single-atom iron as a lithiophilic site to minimize lithium nucleation overpotential opens a promising avenue for solving intrinsic problems of Li-metal-based batteries.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Sun, Y; Zhou, J; Ji, H; Liu, J; Qian, T; Yan, C

Published Date

  • September 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 35

Start / End Page

  • 32008 - 32014

PubMed ID

  • 31397994

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31397994

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1944-8252

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1944-8244

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acsami.9b10551


  • eng