Symptomatic calcified perineural cyst after use of bone morphogenetic protein in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: a case report.
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is commonly used in spinal surgery to augment arthrodesis, and a number of potential complications have been documented. PURPOSE: To present the case of a delayed radiculopathy that occurred because of a calcified perineural cyst that formed after an L4-L5 transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in which BMP-2 was used. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Case report of a 70-year-old man presented with back and right lower extremity pain. METHODS: A 70-year-old man who had previously undergone a right L4-L5 TLIF presented 20 months after surgery with progressively radiating right leg pain. Imaging revealed a right-sided L4-L5 cystic lesion posterior to the interbody cage. The patient underwent reexploration, and a calcified mass was discovered. RESULTS: Histopathology revealed fragments of organized collagenous connective tissue, new collagen, and partially calcified fragments of fibrocartilage, bone, and ligament. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first reported case of a symptomatic calcified perineural cyst developing after a fusion procedure in which BMP-2 was used. The presence of connective tissue with metaplastic bone formation and maturation within the lesion suggests that formation of the cyst was secondary to application of BMP-2, as it possesses both osteogenic and chondrogenic capabilities.
Than, KD; Rahman, SU; McKeever, PE; Wang, AC; La Marca, F; Park, P
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