Maximizing leaf carbon gain in varying saline conditions: An optimization model with dynamic mesophyll conductance.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

While the adverse effects of elevated salinity levels on leaf gas exchange in many crops are not in dispute, representing such effects on leaf photosynthetic rates (A) continues to draw research attention. Here, an optimization model for stomatal conductance (gc ) that maximizes A while accounting for mesophyll conductance (gm ) was used to interpret new leaf gas exchange measurements collected for five irrigation water salinity levels. A function between chloroplastic CO2 concentration (cc ) and intercellular CO2 concentration (ci ) modified by salinity stress to estimate gm was proposed. Results showed that with increased salinity, the estimated gm and maximum photosynthetic capacity were both reduced, whereas the marginal water use efficiency λ increased linearly. Adjustments of gm , λ and photosynthetic capacity were shown to be consistent with a large corpus of drought-stress experiments. The inferred model parameters were then used to evaluate the combined effects of elevated salinity and atmospheric CO2 concentration (ca ) on leaf gas exchange. For a given salinity level, increasing ca increased A linearly, but these increases were accompanied by mild reductions in gc and transpiration. The ca level needed to ameliorate A reductions due to increased salinity is also discussed using the aforementioned model calculations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Qiu, R; Katul, GG

Published Date

  • February 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 101 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 543 - 554

PubMed ID

  • 31571298

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-313X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0960-7412

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/tpj.14553

Language

  • eng